Measuring innovation culture in organizations: the development of a generalized innovation culture construct using exploratory factor analysis
In recent years, academic and practitioner interest has focused on innovation as a method of competitive differentiation and as a way to create customer value. However, much less attention has been devoted to developing a valid measure of innovation in organizations. This article describes a procedure which explicates the innovation orientation construct, and proposes a valid multi-item measure of innovation predicated on a factor analysis of innovation descriptors. These descriptors were derived from a process that included literature reviews, key informant interviews, and a survey of over 500 employees from the financial services industry. The findings suggest that an innovation index may best be represented through a structure that consists of 7 factors identified as innovation propensity, organizational constituency, organizational learning, creativity and empowerment, market orientation, value orientation, and implementation context.
citation: Dobni, C.B., (2008). “Measuring innovation culture in organizations: the development and validation of a generalized innovation culture construct using exploratory factor analysis.” European Journal of Innovation Management, Vol 11, No. 4, 539-559